Alternative Pathways to the Baccalaureate

Edited by Nancy Remington & Ronald Remington

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Click Here for the flier for the bookAlternative Pathways to the Baccalaureate


The premise of this book is that, in a globalized economy dependent on innovation and knowledge, higher education must provide greater, more affordable access to the acquisition of higher-level skills and knowledge for a greater proportion of the population.

The purpose of this book is to open up a debate about the status quo. Should four-year institutions remain the near-exclusive conferrers of the baccalaureate? Or is there a legitimate role for community colleges who already educate over half the undergraduate population of the United States, at lower cost with few barriers to access?


Authored by Vidal A. Chavannes

For ordering information, visit at or CreateSpace.Detox by Vidal A. Chavannes


There are books about unrest, tensions that run through a community, and solutions for these conditions. In detox, by social observer and activist Vidal Chavannes, readers are pulled into the history, psychology, and culture of the Black community. An edgy and sometimes painful narration, Chavannes shares his frustration and occasional rage at the combination of conditions that foment increased conflict in a community already struggling for acceptance…and survival. Spurred by the tragedy that became known as Bloody Sunday, when four young Black men were gunned down by other young Black men in the City of Toronto, Chavannes considers the causes and implications of this terrible event, and explores the attitudes and behaviours of local educators and police, and all those factions struggling to deal with a diverse, possibly explosive, and potentially dynamic environment.

New Directions for Community Colleges

Special Issue: Applied and Workforce Baccalaureates, Summer 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 158, Pages 1–101
Issue edited by: Deborah L. Floyd, Rivka A. Felsher, Angela M. Garcia Falconetti

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New Directions for Community Colleges

Editors Notes

The role of community colleges is expanding, as demonstrated by the emergence of community colleges offering their own baccalaureate degrees. The rationale often cited for these new degrees is that they are applied and workforce in nature and are designed in response to local, statewide, and national workforce needs and demands. Community colleges across the country are reexamining institutional missions to ensure the preservation of the original community college mission of access and affordability while serving as baccalaureate degree granting institutions.

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The Community College Baccalaureate

Emerging Trends and Policy Issues
Edited by Deborah L. Floyd , Michael L. Skolnik , Kenneth P. Walker

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  • Is the conferring of baccalaureate degrees by community colleges a solution to increasing access to and capacity in higher education?
  • Will the conferring of baccalaureate degrees restrict open access to, and imperil the existing mission of, community colleges?
  • What are the models and alternative methods of delivery? What are the implications?

Breaking away from their traditional mission of only conferring associate degrees and occupational credentials, an increasing number of community colleges have begun seriously to explore and, indeed, in some U.S. states and Canadian provinces, to actually implement offering and conferring bachelor’s degrees.

Some leaders see these changes as a natural extension of community colleges’ commitment to access, while others view their awarding of baccalaureate degrees as inappropriate and threatening the basic core values of this unique sector of higher education.

This has become a “hot” and controversial topic, not only among community college and university leaders, but also among policy makers, business leaders and students concerned with issues of access, cost and the structure and purposes of post-secondary education.

This book analyses the emerging trend of the community college baccalaureate degree in the United States and Canada in order to contribute to the development of policy. The authors aim to describe, document, and explain this significant development in higher education. They present the background, examples of practice and different models of delivery, develop a common terminology to facilitate discussion, give voice to the views of proponents and critics alike, and include a comprehensive bibliography and set of resources.

This book is intended as a catalyst for dialog, action and further research on this critical and emerging trend. It is essential reading for leaders of community colleges, for administrators and planners in higher education concerned with issues of access and articulation, and anyone in public policy grappling with demographic trends and society’s need for educated citizens able to meet the challenges of the future.

Deborah L. Floyd is an Associate Professor Higher Education Leadership at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton with over 25 years of administrative experience in community colleges as a president, vice president, dean and director.

Michael L. Skolnik is a Professor of Higher Education and the William G. David Chair in Community College Leadership at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto.

Kenneth P. Walker is the founder of the Community College Baccalaureate Association (CCBA), the Chairman of the CCBA Board of Directors currently the District President of Edison College in Ft. Myers, Florida. He has forty two years’ experience in community college teaching and administrative positions, including thirty years as a college president.

Foreword by Mark D. Milliron; Chapter 1, Perspectives on the Baccalaureate by Deborah L. Floyd & Michael L. Skolnik; Chapter 2, History, Rationale, and Community College Baccalaureate Association by Kenneth P. Walker; Chapter 3, Community College Baccalaureate: Models and Programs in the United States by Deborah L. Floyd; Chapter 4, The Community College Baccalaureate in Canada: Addressing Accessibility and Workforce Needs by Michael L. Skolnik; Chapter 5, The University Center: A Collaborative Approach to Baccalaureate Degrees by Albert L. Lorenzo; Chapter 6, Applied Workforce Baccalaureates by Kenneth P. Walker & Deborah L. Floyd; Chapter 7, St. Petersburg College: Increasing Access in Critical Areas by Thomas E. Furlong, Jr.; Chapter 8, Westark’s Workforce Baccalaureate by Jonathon V. McKee; Chapter 9, The Baccalaureate as Agent of Change: Great Basin College by Ron Remington & Nancy Remington; Chapter 10, The New ABD’s: Applied Baccalaureate Degrees in Ontario by Berta Vigil Laden; Chapter 11, A Cautionary View by Barbara K. Townsend; Chapter 12, Community College Baccalaureate: Toward an Agenda for Policy and Research by Michael L. Skolnik & Deborah L. Floyd; Chapter 13, Community College Baccalaureate: Resources and Information by Michelle Eastham.

“How can community colleges best empower students to earn their baccalaureates? By entering and competing in a congested four-year college market? By articulating? By collaborating? Can these schools expand their missions while remaining student-centered? Advocates and critics state their cases in The Community College Baccalaureate; seasoned practitioners then delineate methods of implementation. Here’s a comprehensive, timely book about our open access colleges-where innumerable North American students begin their postsecondary education.” — Harold Wechsler, Professor of Educational Leadership, Warner Graduate School of Education, University of Rochester

“Community colleges have become the single most important means for low-income and minority students to attain a baccalaureate degree. Policy makers, scholars, and college leaders have an obligation to work to remove the barriers for all of today’s community college students so they can continue their education beyond the associate degree if they desire. The authors discuss several alternatives to promote access to the baccalaureate degree, some of which are controversial, but all of which deserve consideration.” — George R. Boggs, President and CEO, American Association of Community Colleges

“The Community College Baccalaureate not only offers insights on trends and policy issues regarding the baccalaureate degree at community colleges, it also documents its development and ascending prominence in two countries. This is an excellent source book for scholars, practitioners, and policy makers.” — John S. Levin, Joseph Moore Distinguished Professor, North Carolina State University, and President Elect, Council for the Study of Community Colleges

“This book is a ‘must read’ for anyone who cares about the future trends of undergraduate education. Community college presidents, board members and others who are considering launching baccalaureate programs should read this book and learn from the journey of others along with the many policy and research issues this movement poses. Legislative, university, and association leaders would benefit from the common terminology framing discussion and posed policy ramifications.” — Anne E. Mulder, President Emeritus, Lake Michigan College, and Past President, President’s Academy, American Association of Community Colleges

Community College Journal of Research and PracticeCommunity College Journal of Research and Practice

Special Issue on the Community College Baccalaureate
Guest Editors: Deborah Floyd, Michael Hrabak (Florida Atlantic University), and Angela M. Garcia Falconetti, (Daytona State College)

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Community College Baccalaureate Association 20th Annual International Conference
February 28-March 1, 2020 Hyatt Regency Hotel Seattle, Washington